Despite the inevitable contamination of cultures, folk art is seen as the individualized representation of a community or a specific group – being it social, economic or cultural. As in the primitive arts, the creations are usually produced by self-taught artists without any academic training, who transmit their knowledge from generation to generation.
It distinguishes itself from scholar art for its easy access and low cost, but also for its thematic subjects which almost always have reference in the popular imaginary, where the sacred and the profane are in constant confrontation.
The distance between the artistic creation and handicraft is very short and sometimes not even discernible. It’s the signature mark and the passage of time that distinguish the popular artist from the artisan. A master is only considered as such by art critics, as much as by its peers.